The Duchess of Cambridge attended the annual Remembrance Sunday service at the Cenotaph this morning, a century on from the end of the First World War.
Prince Charles laid one wreath on behalf of The Queen and one on behalf of himself, while an Equerry laid a wreath on behalf of Prince Philip.
This is the second year The Queen has opted to view the ceremony from the Foreign & Commonwealth Office balcony.
Politicians and members of the armed forces also attend the service.
2018 marks 100 years since World War One ended in 1918, after four years of fighting and an estimated 8.5 million deaths.
The armistice signed between the Allies and Germany at Compiègne, France, for the cessation of hostilities on the Western Front of World War One, took effect at eleven o'clock in the morning — the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month of 1918.
Remembrance Sunday is therefore held on the second Sunday of November each year, with two minute’s silence held at 11am.
Remembrance Day (or Poppy Day) evolved out of Armistice Day, which is still marked on the same day.
Remembrance Sunday (equivalent of Veterans Day in the USA) is a memorial day that has been observed in Commonwealth of Nations member states since the end of the First World War to remember the members of their armed forces who have died in the line of duty, while Armistice Day marks the armistice (a cessation of hostilities) between the Allies and Central Powers in 1918.
Poppies are worn around early November to remember those who fought and helped in the war. They were the first flowers to grow in the churned-up earth of soldiers' graves in Flanders, a region of Belgium, and have since been a symbol of remembrance.
There is also a purple poppy that can be worn to remember all the animals — horses, pigeons, camels, donkeys, dogs — that were used in the war.
The Duchess of Cambridge attended this year’s Remembrance Sunday service in a new military-inspired outfit.
She wore a custom Alexander McQueen coat, influenced by a couple of exisiting styles in the collection. The Duchess’s coat to have elements of the ‘Military Lace Insert Jacket’ and the ‘Military Jacket’, with the fitted silhouette, red epaulettes, white collar, gothic embossed buttons and military inspiration.
Perhaps The Duchess will choose to wear this to this evening’s service at Westminster Abbey, offering a better look at the full garment.
Kate’s new hat is a piece by Lock & Co. It the black version of their ‘Abney’ hat, available for £795 in burgundy and leopard print.
We have seen Kate’s earrings before; they are the Cassandra Goad ‘Cavolfiore Pearl Earrings’, available for £4,360. The studs are 18ct yellow gold, with seven pearls and diamonds, and were inspired by the clusters of young flower stalks of the cauliflower (cavolfiore) in the market. They were debuted at Prince Louis’ christening.
The Duchess wore three paper poppies representing her three relatives who fought and died in World War One. She also wore the Royal British Legion’s ‘Women Of The First World War Brooch’, available for pre-order for £29.99.
More on the brooch: “Women played a huge role in the First World War. They served as nurses in the field hospitals, and here at home. They worked in factories, making munitions. They worked on the land. And they were recognised afterwards with the right to vote.
100 years on, The Royal British Legion have created this special brooch dedicated to the memory of the courageous women who served and lost their life as a direct result of the First World War.”
We will see The Duchess later today when she attends the Armistice centenary service at Westminster Abbey.